Drug Free Schools / Communities

Information for Students, Faculty, and Staff Regarding Illicit Drugs and Alcohol Abuse.

Standards of Conduct Prohibiting Unlawful Possession, Use or Distribution of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol: The Schreiner University Student Handbook Student Code of Conduct provides for disciplinary action against any student who engages in conduct that is prohibited by state, federal, or local law and for illegal use and for unauthorized use of intoxicating beverages, and illegal use of any drug, narcotic or controlled substance. Recommended sanctions for drug and alcohol violations are also available in the Student Handbook.

The Schreiner University Drug-Free Work Place Policy states: The unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession, or the unlawful use of alcohol and/or a controlled substance or the use of prescription drugs not as intended or obtained illegally or their use in a fraudulent manner is prohibited on the campus or any other property under the control of Schreiner University and at University sponsored events.

Violation of this policy will necessitate appropriate personnel action against such an employee, up to and including termination. Appropriate personnel action may also include: probation, and/or requiring such employee to participate satisfactorily in a drug assistance or rehabilitation program, approved by the University.

Health Risks Associated with Use of Drugs and Alcohol Abuse:

Alcohol. Alcohol consumption causes a number of marked changes in behavior. Even low amounts significantly impair the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely. Low to moderate doses of alcohol also increases the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts. Moderate to high levels of alcohol cause marked impairments in higher mental functions, severely altering a person's ability to learn and remember information. Very high levels cause respiratory depression and death. If combined with other depressants of the central nervous system, much lower levels of alcohol use can lead to dependence on alcohol. Sudden cessation of alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions. Alcohol withdrawal can be life threatening. Long-term consumption of large quantities of alcohol can lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and the liver. Prolonged alcohol abuse causes bleeding from the intestinal tract, damage to nerves and the brain, psychotic behavior, loss of memory and coordination, damage to the liver often resulting in cirrhosis, impotence, severe inflammation of the pancreas, and damage to the bone marrow, heart, testes, ovaries, and muscles. Damage to the nerves and organs are usually irreversible. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in alcoholics and is 10 times more frequent than in non-alcoholics. Females who drink during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants have irreversible physical abnormalities and mental retardation. In addition, research indicates that children of alcoholic parents are at a greater risk than other children of becoming alcoholics.

Tobacco (Nicotine). The smoking of tobacco products is the chief avoidable cause of death in our society. Smokers are more likely than nonsmokers to contract heart disease. Some 30 percent of cancer deaths are linked to smoking. Chronic obstructive lung diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis are 10 times more likely to occur among smokers than nonsmokers. Smoking during pregnancy poses serious risks such as spontaneous abortion, premature birth, low birth weights, and fetal and infant deaths. Because nicotine is highly addictive, addicts find it very difficult to stop smoking. Fewer than 20 percent of typical smokers succeed in stopping on the first try.

Designer Drugs. Illegal drugs are defined in terms of their chemical formulas. To circumvent these legal restrictions, underground chemists modify the molecular structure of certain illegal drugs to produce analogs known as designer drugs. These drugs can be several hundred times stronger than the drugs they are designed to imitate. Many of the designer drugs are related to amphetamines (MDMA, X, speed). Bootleg manufacture creates overdose and contamination risks. These substances can produce severe neurochemical damage to the brain. The narcotic analogs (fentanyl, china white) can cause symptoms such as those seen in Parkinson's disease: uncontrollable tremors, drooling, impaired speech, paralysis, and irreversible brain damage. Analogs of amphetamines and methamphetamines cause nausea, blurred vision, chills or sweating, and faintness. Psychological effects include anxiety, depression and paranoia. As little as one dose can cause brain damage. The analogs of phencyclidine cause illusions, hallucinations, and impaired perception.

Cocaine. Cocaine stimulates the central nervous system. The use of cocaine can cause death by cardiac arrest or respiratory failure. Its immediate effects include dilated pupils and elevated blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature. Occasional use can cause a stuffy or runny nose, while chronic use can ulcerate the mucous membrane of the nose. Injecting cocaine with contaminated equipment can increase the risk of AIDS, hepatitis, and other diseases. Cocaine can produce psychological and physical dependency. In addition, tolerance develops rapidly. Crack or a form of cocaine that is smoked is extremely addictive, and its effects are felt within ten seconds. The physical effects include dilated pupils, increases pulse rate, elevated blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite, tactile hallucinations, paranoia, and seizures.

Other Stimulants. Stimulants can cause increased heart and respiratory rates, elevated blood pressure, dilated pupils, and decreased appetite. In addition, users may experience sweating, headaches, blurred vision, dizziness sleeplessness, and anxiety. Extremely high doses can cause a rapid or irregular heartbeat, tremors, loss of coordination, and even physical collapse. An amphetamine injection creates a sudden increase in blood pressure that can result in stroke, very high fever, or heart failure, in addition to the physical effects, users report feeling restless, anxious and moody. Higher doses intensify the effects. Persons who use large amounts of amphetamines over a long period of time can develop an amphetamine psychosis that includes hallucinations, delusions and paranoia.

Anabolic Steroids. Anabolic steroids are a group of powerful compounds closely related to the male sex hormone testosterone. Steroid users subject themselves to more than 70 side effects ranging in severity from liver cancer to acne, as well as psychological and physical reactions. The liver and cardiovascular and reproductive systems are most seriously affected by steroid use. In males, use can cause withered testicles, sterility, and impotence. In females, irreversible masculine traits can develop along with breast reduction and sterility. Psychological effects include very aggressive behavior and depression. While some side effects appear quickly, others, such as heart attacks and strokes, may not show up for years.

Hallucinogens or psychedelics. Lysergic Acid (LSD), mescaline, peyote, and phencyclidine (PCP or "angel dust") cause illusions and hallucinations, and their use distorts one's perception of surroundings, causes bizarre mood changes and results in visual hallucinations that involve geometric forms, colors, and persons or objects. The physical effects may include dilated pupils, elevated body temperatures, increased heart rate and blood pressure, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, and tremors; it is common to have negative psychological reactions to LSD, mescaline, and psilocybin. The user may experience panic, persistent memory problems, and speech difficulties. Users who discontinue use experience "flashback" consisting of distortions of virtually any sensation for long periods after discontinued use. Mood disorders, such as depression, anxiety and violent behavior, also occur. In later stages of chronic use, users often exhibit paranoid and violent behavior. Large doses may produce convulsions and coma, as well as heart and lung failure. Withdrawal may require psychiatric treatment for the accompanying persistent psychotic states. Suicide is not uncommon.

Solvent inhalants, e.g. glue, lacquers, plastic cement. The immediate negative effects of inhalants include nausea, sneezing, coughing, nosebleeds, fatigue, lack of coordination, and loss of appetite. Solvents and aerosol sprays also decrease the heart and respiratory rates and impair judgment. Amyl and butyl nitrite cause rapid pulse, headaches, and involuntary passing of urine and feces. Long-term use may result in hepatitis or brain damage. Deeply inhaling the vapors, or using large amounts over a short time, may result in disorientation, violent behavior, unconsciousness, or death. High concentrations of inhalants can cause suffocation by displacing the oxygen in the lungs or by depressing the central nervous system to the point that breathing stops. Long-term use can cause weight loss, fatigue, electrolyte imbalance, and muscle fatigue. Repeating sniffing of concentrated vapors over time can permanently damage the nervous system. Fumes from these substances cause problems similar to alcohol abuse. Incidents of hallucinations and permanent brain damage are more frequent.

Marijuana (Cannabis). All forms of cannabis have negative physical and mental effects. Use of cannabis may impair or reduce short-term memory and comprehension, alter sense of time and reduce ability to perform tasks requiring concentration and coordination, such as driving a car. Research also shows that students do not retain knowledge when they are "high." Motivation and cognition may be altered, making the acquisition of new information difficult. Marijuana can also produce paranoia and psychosis. Because users often inhale the unfiltered smoke deeply and then hold it in their lungs as long as possible, marijuana is damaging to the lungs and pulmonary system. Marijuana smoke contains more cancer causing agents than tobacco smoke. Long-term users of cannabis may develop psychological dependence and require more of the drug to get the same effect.

Narcotics. Narcotics initially produce a feeling of euphoria that often is followed by drowsiness, nausea, and vomiting. Users may experience constricted pupils, watery eyes, and itching. An overdose may produce slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, and possible death. Tolerance to narcotics develops rapidly and dependence is likely. The use of contaminated syringes may increase the risk of such diseases as AIDS, endocarditis, and hepatitis. Addiction in pregnant women can lead to premature, stillborn birth, or addicted infants who experience severe withdrawal symptoms.

Counseling and Rehabilitation Programs

Campus Services: The University Mental Health Counselor is available to assist students in most mental health issues in the areas of stress, anxiety, depression, grief, relationship/marriage, and sexual assault. The Mental Health Counselor will also assist students in finding help to deal with alcohol and substance abuse problems and assist with referrals when appropriate. The Counselor may be reached by dialing 792-7282.

Name Phone Number Description of service
Alcoholics Anonymous 896-0720 Support for recovering alcoholics

Narcotics Anonymous 896-0720 Support for recovering addicts

Counseling Service Pat Bowels LMSW, LCDC

257-7775 General counseling alcohol/drug counseling

Kerr County Mental Health Center

257-6553 Mental health treatment center

Hill Country Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse

896-8884 Assessment and counseling for drug and alcohol abuse

Hill Country Crisis Council

257-2410 For victims of domestic violence and sexual assault

Pregnancy Center of Kerrville 257-2166 Pregnancy testing, maternity and abortion counseling

Psychology-Counseling, Caroline Williams, Ph.D.

792-4477 Psychological testing and counseling services

Starlite Village Hospital

800-818-2896 Drug and alcohol treatment center

Kerr Country Independence House 896-7976 Drug and alcohol treatment center


Criminal Penalties Under State and Federal Law for Unlawful Possession, Use or Distribution of Drugs and Alcohol

I. Texas Law

Offense / Authority Minimum Punishment Maximum Punishment
Manufacture or delivery of controlled substances (drugs)

Health & Safety Code § 481.113

Confinement in the Texas Department of Corrections (TDCJ) for a term of no more than 10 years or less than 2 years, or confinement in a community correctional facility for not more than 1 year, and a fine not to exceed $10,000. 

Confinement in TDECJ for life or for a term of not more than 99 years or less than 20 years, and a fine not to exceed $500,000.
Possession of controlled substances (drugs)

Health & Safety Code § 481.115

Confinement in jail for a term of
not than 180 days, and a fine not
to exceed $1,000.  
Confinement in TDCJ for life or for a term of not more that 10 years, and a fine not to exceed $1000,000.
Delivery of Marijuana

Health & Safety Code §481.120

Confinement in jail for a term of
not than 180 days, and a fine not
to exceed $1,000.  
Confinement in TDCJ for life or for a term of not more than 99 years or less than 15 years, and a fine not to exceed $250,000.
Driving While Intoxicated
(Includes intoxication from alcohol, drugs or both)
Confinement in jail for a term of
not more than two years or less than 72 hours, and a fine  of not more than $2,000 or less than $100.  
Confinement in jail for a term of not more than two years or less than 30 days, or confinement in TDCJ for a term of not more than 5 years or less than 60 days, and a fine of not more than $2,000 or less than $500.
Public Intoxication   A fine not to exceed $200.
II. Federal Law

Offense / Authority Minimum Punishment
Maximum Punishment
Purchase of alcohol by a minor.

Alcoholic Beverage Code § 106.02

Fine of not less than $25 nor more than $200. For a subsequent offense, a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $500.
     
Consumption of alcohol by a minor.

Alcoholic Beverage Code § 106.04

Fine of not less than $25 nor more than $200. For a subsequent offense, a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $500.
     
Possession of alcohol by a minor.

Alcoholic Beverage Code § 106.05

Fine of not less than $25 nor more than $200. For a subsequent offense, a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $500.
     

Sale of alcohol to a minor.

Alcoholic Beverage Code § 106.03

Fine of not less than $100 nor more than $500 or confinement in jail for not more than 1 year, or both. For a subsequent offense, a fine of not less than $500 nor more than $1,000 or confinement in jail for not more than 1 year, or both


IMPORTANT INFORMATION FROM YOUR UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER

IMMUNIZATION IS AN INTEGRAL PART OF YOUR HEALTH CARE.
Although Schreiner University does not have a mandatory immunization program at this time, we encourage all students entering the University to check immunization records to ensure that they have met all of the minimum requirements for these immunizations.

MEASLES: (Rubella, Red Measles, Hard Measles, 10-Day Measles) Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. Antibiotics are not available to treat persons infected with this organism. Recent outbreaks of this illness have resulted in hospitalization and some deaths among college-aged persons. For these reasons it is strongly recommended that students in Texas have two doses of the vaccine prior to entering college. Most young adults have had only one dose. The measles vaccine is most often given in combination with the vaccines for mumps and rubella, which are also caused by viruses. This combination vaccine is referred to as MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella).

TETANUS: (Lockjaw) The illness caused by tetanus results from the poison produced by bacteria. Again, this is a very difficult illness to treat once it occurs and prevention is the most appropriate choice. The vaccine is effective for about 10 years and needs to be boosted at that interval. It is now common for older adults to develop tetanus in the United States because many adults do not receive the recommended 10-year boosters. The tetanus vaccine should be given in combination with the diphtheria vaccine.

POLIOMYELITIS: (Polio) In the United States, polio immunization is not routinely recommended for people 18 years of age or older. However, if travel to other parts of the world is planned, a physician should be contacted for specific recommendations.

TUBERCULOSIS: (TB) Due to the reappearance of tuberculosis as a major public health issue in the United States and particularly Texas, all students should have a yearly Mantoux skin test to assure that they are free of the disease. Main symptoms are persistent heavy cough, cough with sputum or blood, fatigue, distressed breathing, fever, or weight loss. Students doing observation, volunteer work, field placement, student teaching, or employment in a Texas school district, correctional facility or medical facility will be required to have a negative TB test before entering their placement site.

The Texas Department of Health can provide most of these immunizations and tests at a reduced rate. The Schreiner University Nurse, Theresa Klenzing, or The Texas Department of Health will be happy to answer questions concerning any health-related issues. For more information on immunizations contact the University Health Center at 792-7279 or the Texas Department of Health (830) 896-5515

The table below is the Texas Board of Health immunization requirement for any student doing an internship in a health care facility of any kind as part of their educational program. These Allied Health students must have the following immunizations prior to their entering the health care facility. These immunizations are not required at this time for the general student population of Schreiner University . However, each student at Schreiner University is urged to use this table to determine their individual immunity to the diseases below. If you do not meet each of the criteria in the "Schedule for Immunization," we recommend that you update your immunizations immediately.

Student Classification

  Immunization Needed   Schedule for Immunization
Medical Interns and Residents, Fellow and students enrolled in health-related courses who have or will have any direct patient contact
      Tetanus/Diphtheria (TD)     Must have had one does within the past ten years.
  Measles   Those born since January 1, 1957 must have two does since 12 months of age. The two does must be at least 30 days apart.
  Mumps   Those born since January 1, 1957 must have at least one does since 12 months of age.
  Rubella   At least one does since 12 months of age is required.
         
Dental students and medical students, interns, residents and fellows.   Hepatitis B   A primary series must be begun or, preferable, completed prior to beginning of direct patient care (if not already immune)
         
All students enrolled in health-related course which have or will have direct patient contact with patients' blood   Hepatitis B   A complete series of proof of immunity is encouraged prior to beginning direct patient care.
         
Students enrolled in school of veterinary medicine   Rabies   A primary series prior to contact with animals or their remains. Also a booster does is needed every two years (or documentation of protective antibodies).


For more information see the amended Sections 2.09 and 2.09a of the Texas Education Code and the Texas Board of Health rules including the revisions adopted July 20, 1991, or call the Texas Department of Health, Immunization Division, 1-800-252-9152.

UNDERSTANDING AND PREVENTING HIV/AIDS INFECTION

You may be among the increasing number of people who are worried about AIDS. Although there is cause for concern, the fact is you have more control over this deadly disease than you may realize. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is caused by a virus (HIV virus) that attacks the body's immune system. As the immune system becomes weaker, the body becomes more vulnerable to infections, pneumonia, and cancer. Eventually, a person becomes overwhelmed by these diseases and dies. The HIV virus is transmitted through the exchange bodily fluids or through a needle puncture during intravenous drug use. In very remote cases, infection occurs through blood transfusions. It may also be transmitted from an infected mother to her child during pregnancy, birth, or breast-feeding. It is not transmittable by everyday casual contact with a person who is infected. There is currently no known cure once infected with the HIV virus. It is estimated that well over one million Americans have the HIV virus. Your behavior determines the degree of risk that you run in becoming infected.

Do not use intravenous drugs: Sharing needles and syringes greatly increases your risk of infection.

Avoid all drugs: Alcohol and other drugs affect your judgment and reduce your inhibitions, leaving you vulnerable to behaviors that you may not otherwise engage in.

YOU CAN PREVENT YOURSELF FROM BECOMING INFECTED!

For further information and HIV antibody testing, contact the Health Center at 792-7279.

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